At What Point Can I Sue Them?

I’ll be brief.

March 2021: Favorable Decision received.
April 2021: DOHA Lawyer submits Appeal, spelling my last name wrong and getting my case number wrong, which pushes everything back two weeks. I get informed that my case has been appealed.
April 2021: DOHA issues extension for DC, citing “overwork”.
May 2021: Appeal Brief submitted by DC.

Department Counsel (DC) introduces arguments in contradiction of record evidence and the FORM. For example, in the SOR and FORM, the Government (and DC) said that I am under the foreign influence of a “country of heightened risk.” In the Appeal Brief, they spontaneously upgraded the country to a “hostile country,” and by that token claimed the Judge failed to adequately address a relevant concern.

This post-decision switcheroo is one of many that they pulled in the Appeal Brief.

May 2021: I respond to Appeal Brief.
July 2021: Appeal Board remands the case to the initial Judge.

In the decision, the Appeal Board points out that Other Clearance Case with the exact same DC who pulled the exact same switcheroo in 2020 was flatly affirmed in the Applicant’s favor - no remand, no nothing. As per 5220.6, it was assumed that the Judge, in fact, did their job correctly and so DC’s attempt to stir the pot post-decision was rejected.

In my case, however, this switcheroo constitutes “an issue that should have been appropriately presented to the Judge”. This apparently raises “due process” concerns.

In the decision, the Appeal Board also points out their choice to remand my case “cannot become a practice” for DOHA. The Chair of the Appeal Board notes that “it would be beneficial” for the Judge’s post-remand decision to discuss how the presence of three factors of heightened risk influenced his analysis.

I know the strong and weak points of my application, but I do think that the Judge covered what they had to cover and applied relevant mitigating circumstances (of which there are a bunch, and they’re solid).

DOHA seems to allow its lawyers to capriciously re-word all of their arguments post-decision and then gives weight to those arguments - why else would the decision be remanded?

I was awarded a clearance in March. It’s now July, the remanding will likely take a few months, and the DC will likely appeal any decision in my favor (as I would appeal any reversal), which means I very much doubt I will actually be working in 2021.

I’m not trying to whine, but it seems like DOHA is bluntly bending the rules in their own favor. I couldn’t submit any new arguments during the appeal process, and I had big life changes that would have been positively impactful on any clearance determination, but some government lawyer can come alone and swap a country’s designation post-decision and DOHA gives that weight?

Can I actually sue for harm here? At least for the monetary equivalent of the salary I’m not making? DOHA’s failure to adhere to its own “due process” is going to cost me serious money.

Can you sue? Sure why not. Just find some lawyer with a lot of nerve and give him a LOT of money.

Can you expect anything to come out of it (except a lot of stress and huge legal bills)? I doubt it very much.


Did the country’s designation actually change?

There are obviously issues that you have. If not you would not be in this position. Many clearances are granted daily……

Clearance work is not for everyone.

Did the designation change? No. It did not. The Judge discussed this in detail in the decision.

In the Appeal, DC just decided to cite a case from 2015 where the country in question warranted extra analysis after I received my decision. DC was quoted saying “apples” for over a year, and then they suddenly switched to “oranges”.

I understand there are security concerns in any clearance case. The question is how can DOHA give weight to a lawyer who has a history of pulling this same stunt (after the lawyer loses) when they bluntly rejected the lawyer’s attempts to do so in the past?

Yeah, the deeper I dig into it, the more I realize that no matter what these agencies do or don’t do, they really can’t be held accountable for anything short of a kangaroo court martial. It’s just gobsmacking that they can write something like “we let this go for someone else because it would set a bad precedent but we’re willing to take that risk in your case” with no recourse whatsoever. Particularly when you realize the case they let go was based around Afghan foreign influence and I’m dealing with influence from a country that’s got nothing close to the history of internal problems Afghanistan does.

There is a provision in the Directive (E3.1.42 thru E3.1.46) for reimbursing applicant for lost wages. It’s for wrongful clearance denials, revocations and suspension, but it seems that in spirit it should also apply to your situation. The first paragraph reads:

E3.1.42. An applicant may file a written petition, under oath or affirmation, for reimbursement of loss of earnings resulting from the suspension, revocation, or denial of his or her security clearance. The petition for reimbursement must include as an attachment the favorable clearance decision and documentation supporting the reimbursement claim. The Director, DOHA, or designee, may in his or her discretion require additional information from the petitioner.

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Wow. Fascinating as always. Just seeing this thread now. Hopefully resolved and hopefully no influence from bad actors.

How was the outcome for you?

Appreciate the reply, but DOHA shut me down after two positive determinations from a Judge. Seems like I’m not meant for this sort of thing.

March - positive determination
April - Notice of Appeal, late because lawyer misfiled my case number and misspelled my last name
July - Board throws the case back to the Judge
September - second positive determination & Notice of Appeal
December - Board says “no”

I responded everywhere I could. Then moved on to other things.

If it makes you feel any better, I got slapped with “foreign influence” because of 14 1-hour interviews I did with foreign nationals for my dissertation. It was LITERALLY 1 hour of contact with no subsequent contact. And 5 of them were Brits. Funny thing was that DoD had no problem with these interviews and granted me a clearance, but CIA denied me. This process feels like a total crapshoot of what adjudicator you get.

Oh goodness. That sounds like they wasted so much of your time. I am so sorry about the outcome. I feel your pain. The process is exhausting.